Exploitative Techniques

According to Ruyle,[1] exploitative techniques are the "precise instrumentalities through which economic surplus is pumped out of the direct producers: slavery, plunder, tribute, rent, taxation, usury, and various forms of unequal exchange."

Related Terms

Exploitation, Exploitative Techniques, Ideological Institutions, Mechanisms of Force, Mode of Exploitation, Regime of Accumulation, The System

Notes

According to Ruyle[2] any specific Mode of Exploitation consists of three interrelated factors; these factors include

  1. Exploitative Techniques (i.e. the mechanisms through which economic surplus is extracted,
  2. Mechanisms of Force (like the police and the army who are called in to ensure regimes of extraction continue by physically coercing the population if necessary), and
  3. Ideological Institutions (like the elementary education system, the Catholic Church, Hollywood, and the family, tasked with controlling the minds of the exploited populations.


Footnotes

  1. Ruyle, Eugene E. “Mode of Production and Mode of Exploitation: The Mechanical and the Dialectical.” Dialectical Anthropology 1, no. 1 (1975): 7–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00244565. p. 12
  2. Ruyle, Eugene E. “Mode of Production and Mode of Exploitation: The Mechanical and the Dialectical.” Dialectical Anthropology 1, no. 1 (1975): 7–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00244565. p. 11