Mode of Exploitation
According to Ruyle any specific Mode of Exploitation consists of three interrelated factors; these factors include
- Exploitative Techniques (i.e. the mechanisms through which economic surplus is extracted,
- Mechanisms of Force (like the police and the army who are called in to ensure regimes of extraction continue by physically coercing the population if necessary), and
- Ideological Institutions (like the elementary education system, the Catholic church, Hollywood, and the family, tasked with controlling the minds of the exploited populations.
According to Ruyle (1975: pp. 11-12) “These elements of the exploitative system may be institutionalized separately, as in industrial societies such as the United States and the Soviet Union, or they may be integrated into a single unitary institution, as in the early Bronze Age. The precise ensemble of exploitative techniques, together with the manner in which state-church elements are institutionalized, constitutes a historical mode of exploitation.”
- Sosteric. Rocket Scientists’ Guide to Money and the Economy: Accumulation and Debt. St Albert, Alberta: Lightning Path Press., 2016.
- Ruyle, Eugene E. “Mode of Production and Mode of Exploitation: The Mechanical and the Dialectical.” Dialectical Anthropology 1, no. 1 (1975): 7–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00244565. p. 11