From The SpiritWiki

The philosophy of duality concerns the idea that many aspects of existence or perception have two contrasting parts or principles. At its heart, duality proposes that opposites can coexist, be it light and darkness, good and evil, or male and female. The origins of this philosophy can be traced back to ancient civilizations.

List of Old Energy Archetypes

Old Energy Archetypes > Chariot, Death (archetype), Duality, Hermit, Hierophant, High Priestess, Judgement, Justice, Star, Strength, Sun (archetype), Temperance, The Devil, The Emperor, The Empress, The Fool, The Hanged Man, The Lovers, The Magician, The Moon, The Tower, The Wheel of Fortune, The World (old energy)


There is almost always an element of hierarchy in dualistic representations: Good is better than evil. Science is better than religion. rationality is better than emotion.Men are better than women.

How does duality function as an archetype?

Through History

Ancient Civilizations: Many ancient civilizations embraced duality. For instance, Chinese philosophy with its yin-yang symbol represents the interdependency of opposites. Similarly, Zoroastrianism, an ancient Persian religion, introduced a dualistic cosmology of good versus evil.[1]

Platonism: Plato, a classical Greek philosopher, explored the idea of duality in his theory of Forms. He posited a world of ideal forms and a material world, a dual realm of the perfect and the imperfect.[2]

Descartes duality of mind versus body.[3]

Gnosticism: This early Christian sect maintained a dualistic belief where the material world was seen as corrupt and in opposition to a higher spiritual realm.[4]

Modern Interpretations: With the progression of time, the idea of duality has permeated many aspects of thought, from philosophy and religion to science, especially in the quantum understanding of particle-wave duality. Hegelian Dialects, to Star Wars.[5]

Research Questions For Students

  1. How does duality function as an archetype?


  1. Mary Boyce, Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices (Routledge, 2001).
  2. Plato. Republic. Translated by C.D.C. Reeve. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2004.
  3. Greenberg, Yvan. “Imaginal Research for Unlearning Mastery: Divination with Tarot as Decolonizing Methodology.” Anthropology of Consciousness n/a, no. n/a (August 13, 2023). https://doi.org/10.1111/anoc.12198.
  4. Pagels, Elaine. The Gnostic Gospels. New York: Random House, 1979.
  5. Mike Sosteric, “From Zoroaster to Star Wars, Jesus to Marx: The Art, Science, and Technology of Mass Human Manipulation,” Under Review, doi:10.31235/osf.io/8t63n.

For Students