Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study

From The SpiritWiki

The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations of the links between childhood trauma and health and well-being later in life. It was conducted by Kaiser Permanente and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The study involved the development of a short screening tool, the ACE questionnaire, which asks about 10 types of childhood trauma that were shown to be most common. These include physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; physical and emotional neglect; a parent who is an alcoholic, drug user, or mentally ill; witnessing a mother being abused; or losing a parent to separation, divorce, or other reason.[1]

Instruments That Measure Violence

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study


The ACE Score, a total sum of the different types of abuse experienced, is used to assess cumulative childhood stress. The study found that a higher ACE Score increases the risk of many health and social problems. The results of the ACE Study have been published in many scientific articles, which have expanded our understanding of the ways in which childhood stress can impact adult health and well-being.


  1. Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., Koss, M. P., & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245–258.