From The SpiritWiki

Chaos is environmental disorganization and confusion.[1] Environmental disorganization might present itself as inconsistent routines, a lack of structure, and frequent disruptions in daily life. Environmental confusion may be characterized by a lack of clear boundaries, inconsistent or contradictory rules, and unpredictable emotional climates, such as sudden mood shifts or erratic behavior from family members. Chaos is a component of Toxic Socialization.

Elements of Toxic Socialization

Toxic Socialization > Chaos, Destruction of Attachments, Indoctrination, Neglect, Parentification, Violence


Children growing up in chronically chaotic environments can face a variety of detrimental consequences across multiple domains of development, including physiological, psychological, cognitive, emotional, and spiritual. .

  1. Physiological Consequences: Chronically chaotic environments can contribute to the development of chronic, toxic stress, a condition resulting from strong, frequent, or prolonged activation of the body's stress response systems.[2] This can result in physiological changes, such as alterations in the immune, metabolic, and cardiovascular systems, which can lead to long-term health problems[3]
  2. Psychological and Emotional Consequences: Chaos and instability at home can be linked with a higher risk of psychological disorders, including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)[4]. These environments can also lead to emotional dysregulation, such as heightened emotional reactivity, difficulties identifying and expressing emotions, and problems with impulse control.[5]
  3. Cognitive Consequences: Chronic chaos and instability can undermine cognitive development. Children growing up in such environments often exhibit lower IQ scores, difficulties with attention and memory, and poorer school performance[6] This is likely due to a combination of direct impacts on the brain from toxic stress and lack of supportive learning environments.
  1. Spiritual Consequences: Spiritual consequences are less well-studied and can be highly individual. However, research suggests that chronic chaos can negatively impact a child's sense of meaning, purpose, and connection to a larger spiritual or religious framework. This could lead to feelings of alienation, hopelessness, or existential angst[7] (Walsh, 2016).

Related LP Courses



  1. Marsh, Samantha, Rosie Dobson, and Ralph Maddison. “The Relationship between Household Chaos and Child, Parent, and Family Outcomes: A Systematic Scoping Review.” BMC Public Health 20, no. 1 (April 22, 2020): 513.
  2. Shonkoff, J.P., et al., "The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress," Pediatrics 129, no. 1 (2012): e232–e246.
  3. Lupien, S. J., et al., "Effects of Stress Throughout the Lifespan on the Brain, Behaviour and Cognition," Nature Reviews Neuroscience 10, no. 6 (2009): 434–445.
  4. Evans, G.W., et al., "Chaos and Its Influence on Children's Development: An Ecological Perspective," American Psychological Association, 2010.
  5. Kim, J., and Cicchetti, D., "Longitudinal Pathways Linking Child Maltreatment, Emotion Regulation, Peer Relations, and Psychopathology," Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 51, no. 6 (2010): 706–716.
  6. Evans, G. W., and Kim, P., "Childhood Poverty, Chronic Stress, and Young Adult Working Memory: The Protective Role of Self-regulatory Capacity," Developmental Science 16, no. 5 (2013): 688–696.
  7. Walsh, F., "Applying a Family Resilience Framework in Training, Practice, and Research: Mastering the Art of the Possible," Family Process 55, no. 4 (2016): 616–632.