James Merrill

From The SpiritWiki

Known as the Ouija poet. Used the Ouija board to Channel and gain inspiration for his Pulitzer Prize winning esoteric/spiritual poetry.[1] [2] [3] His Voices from the Other World (1950s) is his first poem where inspiration came from the channeling he and his wife did with a Ouija board. Other poems, based on Ouija channels with his partner David Jackson, include The Book of Ephraim (which appears in Divine Comedies and which won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1977). This was followed by Mirabell: Books of Number, and Scripts for the Pageant in 1980. All three appears in The Changing Light at Sandover, 1982).


The Book of Ephraim

Further Reading

The Changing Light of Sandover, Wikipedia entry

James Merrill's Ouija Board: The Opening of the Book of Ephraim


  1. Poetry Foundation. “James Merrill.” Text/html. Poetry Foundation, June 18, 2022. Https://www.poetryfoundation.org/. https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/james-merrill.
  2. Buckley, C.A. “Exploring ‘The Changing Light at Sandover’: An Interview with James Merrill.” Twentieth Century Literature 38, no. 4 (December 22, 1992): 415.
  3. White, Heather. “An Interview with James Merrill.” Ploughshares 21, no. 4 (December 22, 1995): 190.