Bem Sex Role Inventory

The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI; Bem, 1974) is a self-report questionnaire to measure feminine, masculine, and androgynous traits of individuals as mutually exclusive dimensions. The BSRI consists of sixty items: 20 questions of each feminine, masculine, and neutral gender items. Each question is rated on a 7 point scale. Reliability scores of the inventory, reported in the 1978 published manual, range from good to extremely high (.75 to .94). Validity scores presently remain to be relatively good but require ongoing testing to ensure the inventory has not become outdated (Holt & Ellis, 1998). Currently, short-forms of the inventory are indicative of “global, dominant, or assertive dispositions and expressive or nurturant tendencies” (Payne, 1985, p. 179).

The following is the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Rate yourself on each item from 1 (never or almost true) to 7 (always or almost true). Then, follow the scoring guidelines below to add your score. This test requires approximately 7-15 minutes.


1. self-reliant

2. yielding

3. helpful

4. defends own beliefs

5. cheerful

6. moody

7. independent

8. shy

9. conscientious

10. athletic

11. affectionate

12. theatrical

13. assertive

14. flatterable

15. happy

16. strong personality

17. loyal

18. unpredictable

19. forceful

20. feminine

21. reliable

22. analytical

23. sympathetic

24. jealous

25. leadership ability

26. sensitive to other's needs

27. truthful

28. willing to take risks

29. understanding

30. secretive

31. makes decisions easily

32. compassionate

33. sincere

34. self-sufficient

35. eager to soothe hurt feelings

36. conceited

37. dominant

38. soft-spoken

39. likable

40. masculine

41. warm

42. solemn

43. willing to take a stand

44. tender

45. friendly

46. aggressive

47. gullible

48. inefficient

49. act as leader

50. childlike

51. adaptable

52. individualistic

53. does not use harsh language

54. unsystematic

55. competitive

56. loves children

57. tactful

58. ambitious

59. gentle

60. conventional


For your masculinity score: Add items 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, 46, 49, 55, and 58. Divide by 20.

For your femininity score: Add items 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44, 47, 50, 53, 56, and 59. Divide by 20.

If your score on both the masculinity and femininity scales are above 4.9 then you are described as having androgynous traits.


See Also

Psychological Measures

Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale


References

Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155-162.

Holt, C. L., & Ellis, J. B. (1998). Assessing the current validity of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Sex Roles, 39, 929-941.

Payne, F. D. (1985). Review of Bem Sex Role Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 41, 414-416.